A cohort study of over 600 children in Zimbabwe found that the time following moving households is one of high risk for school dropout. Interventions are needed to reduce household mobility and to ensure that children who move household are re-enrolled in school.
Key findings from a cross-sectional survey of over 6,000 children in South Africa include that AIDS orphanhood and parent AIDS-illness impact children through a set of linked factors. Family AIDS increases likelihood of parental disability, poverty, community violence, stigma and child abuse, and these in turn negatively impact children. These risk pathways work in chain effects – they link with each other to increase risks further.