Each bout of illness presents a range of negative economic consequences for households and loss of productivity for the sectors in which the sick and their caregivers are involved. The poorest households are most likely to resort to non-reversible coping strategies including the sale of land or livestock or withdrawal of children from school.
“AIDS-sensitive” rather than “AIDS-specific” social protection instruments, including cash transfers, protect vulnerable households from the impoverishing effects of HIV and AIDS, while potentially encouraging pro-poor growth.
Transformative social protection supports the promise to realise the rights of women and girls. Social protection instruments that incorporate a transformative agenda may empower women to access their rights and entitlements in terms of inheritance, education and labour market access, both protecting and mitigating against HIV and AIDS.