Children and Youth

UNAIDS, UNICEF and WHO urge countries in western and central Africa to step up the pace in the response to HIV for children and adolescents


DAKAR/GENEVA, 16 January 2019—At a high-level meeting in Dakar, Senegal, UNAIDS, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) urged countries in western and central Africa to do more to stop new HIV infections among children and adolescents and increase HIV testing and treatment coverage.

In 2017, around 67 000 children (aged 0–9 years) and 69 000 adolescents (aged 10–19 years) became newly infected with HIV. Two thirds (46 000) of adolescents newly infected with the virus were girls. While progress has been seen in stopping new HIV infections among children in some countries—eleven countries registered a reduction of more than 35% between 2010 and 2017*—others, including Nigeria, which has the largest epidemic in the region, experienced no declines at all.

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Call for book chapters- Adolescence and HIV in Eastern And Southern Africa

HEARD, in partnership with UNAIDS, UNDP and Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), proposed a new and engaging book 'Adolescence and HIV Prevention in Eastern and Southern Africa: Emerging Evidence and Intervention Strategies'. HEARD and partners are now seeking innovative contributions to this book project. 

This book will address current perspectives in HIV prevention with adolescent populations. The aim of the project is to bring together leading social scientists, public health experts, policy makers and the HIV affected community to translate recent momentous advances into action that will address HIV prevention gaps in adolescents in eastern and southern Africa. This project will welcome public health and social science based contributions offering new thinking, fresh approaches or evidence-based findings to enhance and accelerate HIV prevention. 

Click here to download the call for contributions. 

Call for Youth Voices for #ActionAgainstPoverty on Nelson Mandela Day

Nelson Mandela International Day commemorates the lifetime of service Nelson Mandela gave to South Africa and the world. It was launched on his birthday, 18 July, in 2009 via a unanimous decision by the UN General Assembly. The Nelson Mandela Foundation is dedicating this year's Mandela Day to Action Against Poverty

It has been widely acknowledged that poverty exposes children in poor developmental outcomes, emotional issues, higher risk of violence and higher risk of HIV infection. Family poverty significantly limits households’ capacity to protect children against the effects of HIV and AIDS. Once HIV enters the household, it pushes affected families deeper into poverty, with severe consequences for children’s wellbeing. Supporting children through their families requires making family poverty a central policy concern. Family poverty and gender inequality must be tackled to improve the outcomes for children affected by HIV and AIDS. (JLICA 2009.)

This International Nelson Mandela day we invite young people to join us on #YouthAction by posting or sending us a brief video blog, voice note, or written blog about what they are doing, or what they would like to do for Nelson Mandela International Day. The blogs can be posted on Facebook or twitter using the hashtag #YouthAction, #MandelaDay #ActionAgainstPoverty or sent it via email to Angelita on

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